The prognosis of stroke in childhood, in particular ischaemic, is thought to have a better prognosis than that of adults, given the greater plasticity of the infant brain. Although strokes in children can be devastating, children have a greater healing capacity due to the greater plasticity or flexibility of the child’s nervous system and brain.
A child’s brain is still developing, so it has a greater capacity to repair itself. Many children who have suffered a paediatric stroke regain the use of their arms, legs, and speech with the help of physiotherapy and speech therapy.
The main consequences described are difficulties with language, attention, memory, visual skills and executive functioning. As well as these cognitive deficits, emotional and behavioural difficulties also appear, all of which clearly affect the child’s quality of life.