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Postpolio syndrome Print

Poliomyelitis is a neurological disease caused by the polio virus. Fortunately, due to vaccination campaigns systematically carried out in 1963, this disease has been eradicated practically from Spain since the late 1960´s. The last case was reported in 1988. Over the last few years, new cases have been found in the immigrant community or amongst people back from countries where it is still endemic. In Spain, around 35,000 people are estimated to suffer from the consequences of the disease.

Image003.jpg Over time, people affected by poliomyelitis may develop complications in the musculoskeletal system, e.g., scoliosis, shoulder tendonitis, trapping of peripheral nerves relevant to walking or using a wheelchair, breathing difficulties, osteoporotic fractures and, finally, the complete loss of muscle function and self-support.

A small percentage of these people may develop the condition known as postpolio syndrome involving the emergence of additional muscle weakness unrelated to non-use. It may or may not be accompanied by fatigue, myalgia, muscular atrophy and the consequent loss of muscle function. Any evidence of electromyography changes leads to a definite diagnosis of postpolio syndrome (using Halstead criteria).

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 1882-1945, 32d President of the United States (1933-45)


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Darrera actualització: 06/03/2015

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